注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

2016

OPENRANGE

 
 
 

日志

 
 

Unit2 Background Information(II) ——《21世纪研究生英语教材阅读教程》上册  

2012-10-21 23:35:15|  分类: Unit2《21世纪研 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

Background Information

Barack Hussein Obama (born August 4, 1961)

is the 44th and current President of the United States, as a Democratic Party leader. He is the first African American to hold the office.

Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School. He worked as a civil rights attorney in Chicago and taught constitutional law at the University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004. He served three terms representing the 13th District in the Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004, running unsuccessfully for the United States House of Representatives in 2000. He won the Senate election in November 2004.

In the 2008 presidential election, he defeated Republican nominee John McCain, and was inaugurated as president on January 20, 2009. Nine months later, Obama was named the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. In April 2011, he announced that he would be running for re-election in 2012.

As president, Obama signed economic stimulus legislation in the form of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 in response to the 2007–2009 recession in the United States. Other major domestic policy initiatives include the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010, and the Budget Control Act of 2011.

In foreign policy, Obama ended US military involvement in the Iraq War, increased troop levels in Afghanistan, signed the New START arms control treaty with Russia, ordered U.S. military involvement in Libya, and ordered the military operation that resulted in the death of Osama bin Laden. In May 2012, he became the first sitting U.S. president to publicly support legalizing same-sex marriage.

 

Para2 Great Depression

n      The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II. In most countries it started in 1930 and lasted until the late 1930s or middle 1940s. It was the longest, most widespread, and deepest depression of the 20th century.

Effects  

n      The Great Depression had devastating effects in countries. Personal income, tax revenue, profits and prices dropped, while international trade plunged by more than 50%. Unemployment in the U.S. rose to 25%, and in some countries rose as high as 33%.

n      Cities all around the world were hit hard, especially those dependent on heavy industry.

Turning point

n Some economies started to recover by the mid-1930s. In many countries, the negative effects of the Great Depression lasted until the end of World War II.

n There is no consensus among economists regarding the motive force for the U.S. economic expansion that continued through most of the Roosevelt years. The common view among mainstream economists is that Roosevelt's New Deal policies either caused or accelerated the recovery.

World War II and recovery

n      The rearmament policies leading up to World War II helped stimulate the economies of Europe in 193739.

n      America's entry into the war in 1941 finally eliminated the last effects from the Great Depression. In the U.S., massive war spending doubled economic growth rates.

 

Para5 The United States Capitol

Washington, DC 20510, United States

n      The United States Capitol is the meeting place of the United States Congress, the legislature of the federal government of the United States. Located in Washington, D.C., it sits atop Capitol Hill at the eastern end of the National Mall.

n      Officially, both the east and west sides of the Capitol are referred to as "fronts." Historically, however, only the east front of the building was intended for the arrival of visitors and dignitaries.

n      The United States Capitol Building has housed the meeting chambers of the Senate and the House of Representatives for over two centuries.

n      It is a fine example of 19th-century neoclassical architecture, the U.S. Capitol combines function with aesthetics.

 

The National Mall

n      The National Mall is an open-area national park in downtown Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. It often is taken to refer to the entire area between the Lincoln Memorial and the United States Capitol. The National Mall receives approximately 24 million visitors each year.

 

White House

n     The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States.

n     Located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest, Washington, D.C., the house was designed by Irish-born James Hoban, and built between 1792 and 1800 of white-painted Aquia sandstone in the Neoclassical style. It has been the residence of every U.S. president since John Adams.

 

Political system in the west Montesquieu's tripartite system

n    ascribed to French Enlightenment political philosopher Baron de Montesquieu

n    the trias politica principle

n    the separation of powers

n    checks and balances

n    Political power is divided up into 3 branches

Executive

Legislature

Judiciary


Para6 baby boomer

n     A baby boom is any period marked by a greatly increased birth rate.

 

United States

The term "baby boom" most often refers to the dramatic postWorld War II baby boom (19461964). There are an estimated 78.3 million Americans who were born during this demographic boom in births.

 

A baby boomer is a person who was born during the demographic post-World War II baby boom between the years 1946 and 1964.

 

George W. Bush

n      The 43rd President (2001-2009)

n      Full name: George Walker Bush

n      Party: Republican

n      Birthdate: July 6, 1946

n      Birthplace: New Haven, Connecticut

n      Hometown: Midland, Texas

n      Education:

n      1975  MBA, Harvard Business School

n      1968  B.A. History, Yale University

n      Timeline:

n      January 20, 2005 Was sworn in for a second term

n      January 20, 2001 Inauguration

n      1994, was elected the 46th Governor of Texas and became the first Governor in Texas history to be elected to consecutive 4-year terms when he was re-elected in 1998

 

Ronald Wilson Reagan

n      (1911 –2004)

n      the 40th President of the United States (198189)

n      the 33rd Governor of California (196775)

n      a radio, film and television actor

 

Lyndon Baines Johnson

n      Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908 –1973), was the 36th President of the US (1963–1969) . He is one of only four people who served in all four elected federal offices of the United States: Representative, Senator, Vice President, and President.

n      Johnson succeeded to the presidency following the assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963, completed Kennedy's term and was elected President in the 1964 election. Johnson was renowned for his domineering personality and the "Johnson treatment".

n      Meanwhile, Johnson escalated American involvement in the Vietnam War in early 1968. The involvement stimulated a large angry antiwar movement. Historians argue that Johnson's presidency marked the peak of modern liberalism in the United States after the New Deal era. He is ranked favorably by some historians because of his domestic policies.

 

Richard Milhous Nixon

n      (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. The only president to resign the office for the Watergate scandal.

n      Although Nixon initially escalated America's involvement in the Vietnam War, he subsequently ended US involvement in 1973. Nixon's visit to the People's Republic of China in 1972 opened diplomatic relations between the two nations, and he initiated the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with the Soviet Union the same year.

  评论这张
 
阅读(655)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2016