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Unit2 Obama: Language Points(II) ——《21世纪研究生英语教材阅读教程》上册  

2012-10-21 23:20:36|  分类: Unit2《21世纪研 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Language Points

Para1 take the oath of office

= make an oath; swear an oathswear in

The soon-to-be President practices the way he will take the oath of office.

Soldiers take an oath in front of a monument as a way to commemorate the 81st anniversary of the "Sept 18 Incident".

Obama was sworn-in as president in front of the largest crowd ever in Washington, D.C.

come into office / come to office

(= assume office / take office / hold office)

resign the office


Para1 inaugural

adj.

n. =inauguration

An inaugural meeting or speech is the first meeting of a new organization or the first speech by the new leader of an organization or a country.

In his inaugural address, the president appealed for national unity.


inauguration

inauguration address

inauguration ceremony / swearing-in ceremony

Ask not what your country can do for you. Ask what you can do for your country, ” President Kennedy proclaimed at his inauguration in 1961.

Media reports say up to one million eight hundred thousand people attended the presidential inauguration Tuesday.


Para2 tax

= use to the limit

You are taxing my patience.

to tax one's strength

to tax one's resources


Para 6 infuse

vt/vi.

To infuse a quality into someone or something, or to infuse them with a quality, means to fill them with it.

to infuse new blood into…

to infuse someone with the new idea of democracy

to infuse somebody with courage


Para8  out-

bigger, higher, better than …”

outbid

outclass

outdo

outfight

outgrow

outlast

outmatch

outperform

outplay

outrange

outrank

outrun

outsell

outtalk

outvote

outweigh


Para9 confluence

=a place where things merge or flow together (especially rivers)

Pittsburgh is located at the confluence of the Alleghenyand Monongahela rivers.

Today, we have an unprecedented confluence of cultural norms requiring us to be much more intentional and explicit about what we mean by civility.


Para12 undaunted

=(p.p.)unshaken in purpose

=(a.)resolutely courageous; brave, unfearing undaunted unfearing

Undaunted by his first setback , he decide to try once more .

Undaunted, he embarked on an American tour last November.


daunt

vt. dispirit, discourage
Don't be daunted by the amount of work still to be done.


Para13 on top of …

=in addition to

Those new debates came on top of earlier ones that arose in the 1990s.

To stay in business , Chrysler asked for $5 billion on top of its existing $4 billion loan.

On top of this is all the information from radars, satellites, radios and the monitoring of communications.

 

Para13 imperil

v.pose a threat to; present a danger to

vt.

Indeed, one of the results of this crisis is to imperil central bank independence, not just in the UK.

While China does not welcome the U.S. presence near its border, it wants stability on its western flank and believes an abrupt withdrawal of Washington's support for Pakistan could imperil that.

 

Para13 run up

=accumulate as a debt

His debts ran up over the years.

I've run up debts totaling more than 1,000.


Para14 re-regulate

Huge strides have been made in trying to re-regulate global finance.


regulate vt.

We ought to regulate our daily life.

We must try our best to regulate our expenditure.

The temperature of the room should be regulate at all times.


Para18 demeanor

=demeanour

- behavioral attributes; the way a person behaves toward other people

She is acutely aware of the discrepancy between her inner state and her public demeanor.

Such a healthy state also gives us a much more relaxed demeanor in dealing with other people .

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