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Unit4 A Recipe for Inflation ——《21世纪研究生英语教材阅读教程》下册  

2012-04-28 11:26:51|  分类: Unit4《21世纪研 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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recipe

= a list of ingredients and a set of instructions about how to cook sth.; directions for making sth.

This is a traditional recipe for buttermilk biscuits.

He thinks the one recipe for success lies in hard work.

Instead he now offers the traditional Republican recipe for growth: tax cuts, freer markets and minimal government.

Such behaviours are a recipe for a trade war and poverty——not a way out of this recession.

A Recipe for Inflation

 

prohibitive price

prohibitive = tending to discourage (especially of prices)

prohibitive price

We regret that your price is so high that it is entirely prohibitive of business.

The cost of education becomes prohibitive to lower-income families.

 

bushel

= a capacity measure (liquid or dry) equal to 2 gallons , used in the UK or US

 

damp

n. (= dampness) slight wetness

adj. slightly wet  ~ air a ~ room

v. (= dampen)

-- cause to become damp;

-- restrain or discourage;

-- make an image less visible, vague or obscure

The rain hardly ~ed the ground.

Nothing can ~ my spirits on this glorious morning.

 

refine

v. reduce to a fine, unmixed, or pure state; improve or perfect

refine sugar

refine crude oil

refine the idea

She took classes to refine her writing skills.

Reporters tried to refine their questions to draw a direct response.

We urge governments to refine their urban planning policies, promote green architecture, incorporate public transportation systems, and encourage non-motorized modes of transport.

 

leading indicator

= an important measurement/value to suggest what something is like; a key signal to show the development trend

composite leading indicator

economic leading indicator

The gold price is also seen by some economists as a leading indicator of inflation.

Pork and egg prices of agricultural products has been the leading indicator continued to rise between the two increased the prices of other agricultural products is expected.


feed on

= serve as food for; provide with fertilizers or add nutrients to

These factors can feed on themselves.

The worry is that economic and sociopolitical instability may start to feed on each other.

In good times more lending and rising asset values mean that booms feed on themselves.

 

price hike

hike = a sudden or large increase in prices, rates, taxes, or quantities.

wage hike

hike in living expenses

fuel price hike

reckless price hike up

 

at the behest of …

= an authoritative command or request

At the behest of the mayor, the important visitor was greeted at the airport by a group of city officials.

At the behest of the president, NASA has been undergoing an independent review of its human-spaceflight plans.

 

mercifully

adv. in a compassionate manner; benevolently, kindly

This was a financial crisis mercifully short in duration for most of the Asian region.

The six-hour trip home was mercifully uneventful and the next morning we had to face up to a return to reality.

 

be down to

 =  to be the result of one person's actions or one particular  thing

be all down to sth

Then it'll be down to the Coach to decide.

It may be down to the hotter weather or the longer days.

If rivals stumble or fail, that may be down to their own inefficiency or poor products, and not because they were preyed upon.

 

spike

= a long metal nail; a sharp rise followed by a sharp decline

Russia's wheat export ban accelerates the risk of a price spike and again undermines the trust in food trade.

The price spike is the result of basic economic forces: global demand for oil that is growing faster than the supply.

 

stymie

= stymyprevent from taking or being put into action

His plan for improving the business was stymied by his employer’s lack of interest.

 

be projected to

project = vi. schedule; plan

Our projected visit had to be cancelled.

China, projected to grow 10 per cent this year, has stirred worries as it tries to manage its growth.

13% of Americans are over 65; this number is projected to reach 22% by the year 2030.

 

diverge

= be out of line with; move or draw apart; extend in a different direction

Our opinions diverge from each other on politics.

We spent a lot of time together, but now our paths diverge.

When views diverge on scholarly questions, we should encourage diverse thinking and free discussion.

 

teeming

= abundantly filled with especially living things abundant, productive, crowded

For most of the year, the area is teeming with tourists.

An electron microscope would reveal that you are teeming with other life-forms.

The book conjures up a strange remote world, lush in vegetation and teeming with wild life .

It also has strong positions in Pakistan and Indonesia, two other teeming countries with nascent car markets.

 

exacerbate

= make worse irritate

Times of economic gloom can exacerbate the problem.

Dependence on imports for most manufactured goods will exacerbate the problem.

Human activities that contribute to the heating or that exacerbate its effects must be limited.

 

alleviate

= vt. provide physical relief, as from painmake it less instense or severe; relieve, moderate, relax

Instead, consider deep breathing, yoga , or light stretching to alleviate the day's stress.

Over the centuries man has developed drugs that could cure or alleviate illness and suffering.

More spending was needed on education, training and healthcare to alleviate the situation, the ADB argued.

 

one way or another

= anyway, however

In the end, one way or another, we will have a vote to decide them.

You are probably quite concerned too with getting attention in one way or another, or perhaps helping someone else get it.

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