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Unit2 Top 10 Most Controversial Movies: Language Points ——《21世纪研究生英语教材阅读教程》下册  

2012-03-11 00:02:29|  分类: Unit2《21世纪研 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【this part is from the reference book for teachers which is scarcely gonna be included in my teaching so plz handle the content on your own if you think it helpful.】

1. blasphemy : something that is considered to be offensive to God or to someone’s religious beliefs

Examples:

Murder and blasphemy are mortal sins.

Their conversation was full of blasphemy.

2. a culture-war firestorm unrivaled in Hollywood history:a tremendous debate on culture which has been the most serious in Hollywood movie history

3. prior to (para.1): beforete>

Examples:

The boy and the girl received a lot of merry wishes prior to the engagement.

4. vet (para.1): to check someone’s character or reputation to find out if they are suitable for a particular job

Examples:

we vet the proposed contract of hire to make sure that the terms are acceptable.

Someone should vet this report before it goes out.

5. go on the rampage (para.2): become angry or violent.

Examples:

The mob went on the rampaged through the village.

A bull elephant was going on the rampaging about in the jungle.

6. quell (para.2): to get rid of unpleasant thoughts or feelings.

Examples:

Soldiers were sent in to quell the riots.

His actions have done little to quell the eculation.

Difficulties and setbacks never quell their curiosity.

This medicine will quell your sore throat.

7. knock him out (para.2): knock him out of consciousness

8. aversion (para.2) (followed by to ): a strong feeling that you dislike some or something

E      Examples:

Girl   Girls generally have an aversion to snakes.

Do     Do you feel any aversion to hard study?

9. copycat (para.2): similar to something else

   Examples:

    He called me a copycat just because my schoolbag looks like his.

    Li Yuguang, a man who is loved by a big audience, singing with woman’s voice, is a good copycat.

10. fraudulent (para.3): done dishonestly or illegally with the intention of tricking someone

Examples:

She got the job of science teacher by fraudulent means; she pretended she'd studied at university.

This geographic split could be a serious problem for Mexico, if any strife develops in the south over the perception that the election was fraudulent.

11. detonate (para.3): to explode, or to make something such as a bomb explode

Examples:

The bomb failed to detonate.

A cap or tube containing a small amount of explosive used to detonate the main explosive charge of a firearm or mine.

12. no dice (para3): (inf.) no use

Examples:

They tried to persuade him to accept the offer, yet no dice.

13. moratorium (para3) (followed by on) : an official agreement to stop an activity for a short time

Examples:

The government has called for a moratorium on weapons testing.

The convention called for a two-year moratorium on commercial whaling.

A moratorium or reparations payments emerged soon after the bank began operations

14. smack down (para3): (inf.) blame, shout out

Examples:

The boy was smacked down by his parents.

After catching the shoplifter, he smacked down him for hours in a rage.

15. take … upon oneself (para.4): volunteer to take responsibility for something

Examples:

I am ready to take the blame for the mistake upon myself.

He took it upon himself to look into the causes of the river pollution.

16. patina (para.4):

Examples:

Some cooks love the natural mellow patina that develops when copper is exposed to heat and air.

17. construe (para.4): to understand the meaning of something in a particular way

Examples:

You can construe what he said in a number of different ways.

Let him construe the letter into English, and parse it over perfectly.

18. bona fide (para.4): in good faith

Examples:

Even though you were to lose all you have overnight, you would be sure of heartening support from bona fide friends.

The offer I am empowered to make is bona fide.

The hotel car park is only for bona fide guests.

19. picket (para.4): to take part in a protest outside a building

Examples:

Some of the union members did not want to picket.

Five pickets were injured in the scuffle.

20. connive (para.6): accept or allow secretly

    Examples:

G God cannot alter the past; that is why he is obliged to connive at the existence of

    historians.

T  The prisoners paid the guards to connive at their escape.

    She was obliged to connive at her husband’s infidelity.

21. fiend (para.6): someone who is extremely enthusiastic about something

       Examples:

       It was said, that ghost and fiend consorted with him there.

       Yes, his friends thought he might be possessed by a fiend.

22. nascent (para.6):

Examples:

Nascent nanotechnologies are being mashed up with biotechnologies.

The country's nascent stock market was minting millionaires.

23. dog (para.6): list; follow

Examples:

Her career was dogged by misfortunes.

If you keep dogging me, I will definitely call the police.

24. outcast (para.7): someone who other people will not accept as a member of society or of a particular group

Examples: 

He is humiliated and condemned to live as an outcast in society.

He was treated as an outcast.

25. expatriate (para.8): someone who lives in a foreign country

Examples:

       Many people, Chinese and expatriate, did just that.

       He is content to remain an expatriate the rest of his life.

       She worked harder than most of my wealthy expatriate students.

26. erotic (para.8):te> te>containing scenes or descriptions that make you sexually excited

    Examples:

    It was an erotic dance of working-class people by this time, which made it difficult for middle-class Europeans to accept.

Not painted for sexual desire or erotic stimulation, she is depicted as a goddess sleeping and unaware you are peeping in on her.

27. atrocity (para.9): something very cruel and violent that someone does

Examples:

Many atrocities are committed to innocent people in wartime.

I am shocked by the atrocity of this man's crimes.

28. cryptology (para.10): the study of codes

       Examples:

      IIn the numerous fields of the information technology, cryptology is playing an important role.

        Many problems in the cryptology can be represented as optimization problems in mathematics.

29. conspiracy (para.10): a secret plan by a group of people to do something that is bad or illegal

E       Examples:

          He is a party to the conspiracy.

          He revealed their conspiracy to overthrow the government.

          It has recently come to light that a second official was implicated in the conspiracy.

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