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Unit1 Background Information ——《21世纪研究生英语教材阅读教程》下册  

2012-02-24 00:50:42|  分类: Unit1《21世纪研 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Pa1 Victoria's Secret

n     An American retailer of women's wear, lingerie and beauty products. It is the largest segment of Limited Brands with sales of over US$5 billion and an operating income of $1 billion in 2006.

n     Victoria's Secret was started in San Francisco, California, in 1977 by Tufts University and Stanford Graduate School of Business alumnus Roy Raymond. He opened the first store at Stanford Shopping Center in Palo Alto, and quickly followed it with a mail-order catalog and three other stores. The stores were meant to create a comfortable environment for men, with wood-paneled walls, Victorian details and helpful sales staff.

n     In 1982, Roy Raymond sold the Victoria's Secret company, with its six stores and 42-page catalogue, grossing $6 million per year, to Leslie Wexner, creator of The Limited, for $4 million. The Limited kept the personalized image of Victoria's Secret intact. Victoria's Secret was rapidly expanded into the U.S. malls throughout the 1980s. The company was able to vend a widened range of products, such as shoes, evening wear and perfumes. By the early 1990s, Victoria's Secret had become the largest American lingerie retailer. It sells brassieres, panties, hosiery, cosmetics, sleepwear, and other products.

n     Beginning in 1995, Victoria's Secret began holding the annual Victoria's Secret Fashion Show featuring top fashion models, which is broadcast on primetime American television and attracts hundreds of celebrities and entertainers.

 

Ugg boots / UGGs

n     Ugg boots are a unisex style of sheepskin boots, made of twin-faced sheepskin with fleece on the inside and with a tanned outer surface, often with a synthetic sole, generally worn for warmth and comfort.

n     Originating in Australia or New Zealand, where they became popular in the 1970s, ugg boots emerged as a fashion trend in the United States in the late 1990s and as a world-wide trend in the late 2000s.

n     In regard to naming, it appears that ugg boots, ugh boots and ug boots have been used as descriptive terms for sheepskin boots since at least the 1960s, although individual accounts have suggested that the terms were employed earlier – for example, "fug boots" were worn by pilots during World War I. (FUGGFlying Ugly boots)

n     The 1970s saw the emergence of advertising using the names,  but Brian Smith of Ugg Holdings, Inc. has stated that the boots were referred to as "uggs" long before the word was trademarked. Frank Mortel of Mortels Sheepskin Factory claims he named them "ugg boots" in 1958, after his wife commented that the first pair he made were "ugly ". (ugly sheepskin boots)

n     Ugg Holdings was sold to Deckers Outdoor Corporation in 1995. But in the late 1990s and early 2000s sheepskin boots emerged as a fashion trend in the US through Deckers’ promotions of the UGG brand, with many celebrities wearing the boots. Deckers’ actions to promote their product “led to an exponential growth in the brand's popularity and recognizability.”

 

Pa6 Louis Vuitton

n     Louis Vuitton Malletier / Louis Vuitton / LV is one of the world's leading international fashion houses. The label is well known for its LV monogram, which is featured on most of its products --- this ranging from luxury trunks and leather goods to ready-to-wear, shoes, watches, jewellery, accessories, sunglasses, and books.

n     LV is a French fashion house founded in Paris in 1854 by Louis Vuitton. With Vuitton becoming successful and prestigious, many other luggagemakers began to imitate LV's style and design.

n     After the death of his father, Georges Vuitton began a campaign to build the company into a worldwide corporation, exhibiting the company's products at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893. In 1896, the company launched the signature Monogram Canvas and made the worldwide patents on it. The patents later proved to be successful in stopping counterfeiting.

n     The Louis Vuitton brand and the famous LV monogram are among the world's most valuable brands. According to a Millward Brown 2010 study, Louis Vuitton is the world's 29th most valuable brand. The brand itself is estimated to be worth over USD $19 billion.

 

Pa6 Gucci

n     The House of Gucci, better known simply as Gucci, is an Italian fashion and leather goods label, part of the Gucci Group, which is owned by French company PPR. Gucci generated circa ? 4.2 billion in revenue worldwide in 2008 and climbed to 41st position in the magazine's annual 2009 "Top Global 100 Brands" chart.

n     Gucci was founded by Guccio Gucci (1881–1953) in Florence in 1921, and became one of the world’s most successful manufacturers of high-end leather goods, clothing, and other fashion products.

n     Together with three of his sons, Aldo Gucci (1905–1990), Vasco Gucci (1907–1975), and Rodolfo Gucci (1912–1983), Gucci expanded the company to include stores in Milan and Rome as well as additional shops in Florence. Gucci’s stores featured such finely crafted leather accessories as handbags, shoes, and his iconic ornamented loafer as well as silks and knitwear in a signature pattern. The Gucci loafer is the only shoe in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Gucci’s distinctive lines made its products among the most frequently copied in the world in the early 2000s.

n     The company prospered through the 1970s, but the 1980s were marked by internal family disputes that brought Gucci to the brink of disaster.

n    Dawn Mello, Tom Ford, and Dominico De Sole redirected the growing brand to a new level for the market of the late 1990sn, and made a critical and commercial success. In 2005, Frida Giannini was appointed as the creative director for women’s ready-to-wear and accessories. In 2006, she also became the creative director for men's ready-to-wear and the entire Gucci label.

 

Para10 Customer Growth Partners, a retail consultant

n     About us

n     Actionable research and strategy to Fortune 500 consumer service and retail companies in accelerating topline growth, building customer loyalty and increasing marketing productivity

n     Strategic counsel to investors and developers looking to maximize returns in the Retail and other Consumer service sectors

 

n     Customer-focused Strategy to create Customer Value

n     Retailer-focused Insight to build Shareholder Value

 

Pa13 Fargo, N. D.

n     largest city in North Dakota; located in eastern North Dakota on the Red river

 

Pa14 the Bass Pro Shop

www.basspro.com

what is "pro" short for?

 

Pa15 Lord & Taylor

n     known as L&T, or LT

n     headquarters and flagship store on Fifth Avenue in New York City

n     is the oldest upscale, specialty-retail department store chain in the United States.

n     consists of 47 stores and lordandtaylor.com, an online retail site.

n     founded in 1826 by Samuel Lord, an immigrant from England and George Washington Taylor

 

Pa16    Saks Fifth Avenue

n     U.S. luxury department store

n     is a luxury American specialty store owned and operated by Saks Fifth Avenue Enterprises (SFAE), a subsidiary of Saks Incorporated.

n     its headquarters and the company-designated flagship store are in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.

n     is the successor of a business founded by Andrew Saks in 1867 and incorporated in New York in 1902 as Saks & Company.


Thread count

A     Thread count refers to the number of threads contained in one square inch of fabric or one square centimeter, both vertical and horizontal.

B     Some people think that 80s = 80 threads per inch, but that's incorrect (and a common misconception in the industry). Rather, these numbers refer to the yarn size. 140s means there are 140 hanks of yarn in one pound.

n     It is often used as a measure of linear density or fabric quality. The higher the number, the finer the yarn; conversely, the lower, the coarser.

n     Thread count is often referred to with a number like 50s, 80s, 100s, 120s, 140s 160s, etc up to 200s.

Pa18 Thomas Pink

Thomas Pink is a retail clothing business started in London in 1984, by three Irish brothers James, Peter and John Mullen. The company was named for an 18th century London tailor who was known for making much sought-after red ('pink') hunting jackets.

n     In 1999, the Mullen brothers sold their majority share to LVMH.

n     Thomas Pink now has shops all over the world, including the United States. The majority of Thomas Pink shirts are manufactured in China, Thailand and Vietnam.

http://www.us.thomaspink.com/slimfit/men/fcp-category/list?&addFilter=STYLE&filterValue=prestige

Pa18 denim

n     Denim is a rugged cotton twill textile.

n     The word comes from the name of a sturdy fabric called serge, originally made in N?mes, the French town of N?mes (de N?mes), by the André family. Originally called serge de N?mes, the name was soon shortened to denim.

n     Denim was traditionally colored blue to make blue "jeans", though "jean" then denoted a different, lighter cotton textile.

 

The contemporary use of jean comes from the French word for Genoa, Italy (Gênes), where the first denim trousers were made.

 

Caesars in Las Vegas

n     Caesars Palace is a world renowned Las Vegas Hotel and Casino.

It offers the best rooms, impeccable service & spectacular.

 

Pa19 Christian Dior

n     Christian Dior

n     (1905 - 1957) was a French fashion designer, best known as the founder of one of the world's top fashion houses, also called Christian Dior.

n     Christian Dior S.A. (more commonly known as Dior) is a French company which owns the high-fashion clothing producer and retailer Christian Dior Couture, as well as holding 42% of LVMH Mo?t Hennessy ? Louis Vuitton, the world's largest luxury goods firm. Both Dior and LVMH are controlled and chaired by businessman Bernard Arnault.

n     Christian Dior Couture, a division of the whole House of Dior, designs and produces some of the world's most coveted haute couture, as well as luxury ready-to-wear fashion, menswear and accessories. Today, Dior operates about 160 boutiques worldwide with plans to open more in the coming years.

n       Competitors to the House of Dior include, among many, the fashion houses of Chanel, Louis Vuitton, Yves Saint Laurent, Gucci, Versace, MaxMara and Prada.

 

Pa19 DKNY

n     Donna Karan New York

n     www.dkny.com

n     Shop the latest designer clothing & fashion for men & women at DKNY

n     Browse designer clothing, shoes, handbags, fragrances, accessories, etc


Pa19 Ellis Island

n     It is an island in New York Bay that was formerly the principal immigration station for the United States, and one of the country's most popular historic sites.

n     The Ellis Island was made part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument in 1965, and has hosted a museum of immigration since 1990. A 1998 United States Supreme Court decision found most of the island to be part of New Jersey.

 

Statue of Liberty National Monument

n     Comprises Liberty Island and Ellis Island in New York Harbor.

n     Includes the Statue of Liberty and the former immigration depot on Ellis Island.

n     The Statue of Liberty was dedicated in 1886. The immigration station at Ellis Island opened in 1892 and closed in 1954.

n     The national monument recalls this period of massive immigration to the United States.

n     It is managed by the National Park Service.

Liberty Island & Ellis Island

 

20 GNC
n    General Nutrition Centers
www.gnc.com
n    Shop GNC for vitamins, supplements, minerals, herbs, sports nutrition, diet and energy, and health and beauty products at gnc.com

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