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Unit5 The Growing Backlash against Over-Parenting ——《21世纪研究生英语教材阅读教程》上册  

2012-12-23 21:28:03|  分类: Unit5《21世纪研 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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backlash

A backlash against sth. is a sudden , strong reaction against a tendency or recent development in society or politics.

But there is not yet a backlash against the policy.

Predictably, that incident has stirred a political backlash in the united states and elsewhere.

Para1 creep up on

creep up: advance stealthily or unnoticed

The snake crept up the tree for the singing bird.

creep up on

Stress can creep up on you insidiously.

Age creeps up on you as your hair turns into gray gradually.

Para1 hypoallergenic

=not likely to cause an allergic reaction

hypo-

pref. under-, sub-

Para3 extravagance

excessive spending

Tales of his extravagance surged through the industry.

luxury goods; luxuries; articles of luxury

Why waste money on such extravagances?

the quality of exceeding the appropriate limits of decorum or probability or truth

We were surprised by the extravagance of his description.

Para3 roll back

=repel, drive back, force the enemy to withdraw

Some western countries attempt to roll back Russian influence in its neighbourhood.

Para3 lighten up

=make / become more cheerful

You need to lighten up about difficulties in life.

All forms of exercise help people to lighten up, but Smith says aerobic exercise may be the most effective.

Para3 hold down

=limit; constrain; restrain

China helped to hold down inflation in developed economies not because its prices were falling, but because its goods were much cheaper.

Para4 orthodoxy

1. the quality of being orthodox (especially in religion)

2. a belief or orientation agreeing with conventional standards

Para4 take hold

=assume control; become established

The idea of only child had taken hold in many Chinese families.

You’d better quit your bad habit of smoking before it takes hold.

Para4 heretic

A heretic is someone whose beliefs or actions are considered wrong by most people, because they disagree with beliefs that are generally accepted.

The two heretics were burned at the stake.

Para6 endorse

=publicly support or approve of someone or something

I can endorse their opinion wholeheartedly.

I endorse him, and throw my full support behind him.

Para7 bombard

=vt. throw bombs at or attack with bombs;address with continuously

bombard someone with questions/criticism

Rebel artillery units have regularly bombarded the airport.

Para7 predator

= an animal that kills and eats other animals; (fig) people having the habit of trying to take other’s property; carnivore

With no natural predators on the island, the herd increased rapidly.

Para7 threaten

If something unpleasant threatens to happen, it seems likely to happen.

The fighting is threatening to turn into full-scale war...

Plants must be covered with a leaf-mould or similarly protected if frost threatens.

Para7 taint

v.contaminate with a disease or microorganism

n.the state of being contaminated

taint with

The lake water is tainted with chemicals from the factory.

From tainted green beans to toxic pet food, melamine in milk may only be the tip of the iceberg in China's recent food scare concerns.

Para7 odds

=the likelihood of a thing occurring rather than not occurring

What are the odds of finding a parking space right outside the door? But the odds of more trade deals are slim.

Para7 confront … with …

confront someone with something

= present facts or evidence to someone in order to accuse him of something or force him to deal with a situation

She had decided to confront Kathryn with the truth.

When the police confronted her with the evidence, she admitted that she was guilty.

Para7 counter … with …

=speak in response

He countered his opponent with some very persuasive arguments.

WHO is among the public health organizations using social media to disseminate health information and counter rumours.

Para8 rave about

rave = talk in a noisy, excited, or declamatory manner; praise enthusiastically

rave about = (infml) to speak about with extreme praise

It's quite a good film, but it's nothing to rave about.

He raved about the new play on the air.

Para8 epiphany

Epiphany is a Christian festival on the 6th of January which celebrates the arrival of the wise men who came to see Jesus Christ soon after he was born. 

An epiphany is a moment of sudden insight or understanding.

Para8 sear

(searing, seared, sears)

searing

1. Searing is used to indicate that something such as pain or heat is very intense.

She woke to feel a searing pain in her feet.

2. searing speech or piece of writing is very critical.

There's a searing column in today's paper about the president's decision.

Para8

 “That was a searing epiphany,” Honoré concludes. “I didn’t like what I saw.”

it means the father was very shocked by his son’s words and from then he understood what his son really liked to do even he himself didn’t like the fact that his son was not interested in becoming an great artist.

Para8 nuanced

=adj. delicate, subtle, refined

The reality this time is more nuanced.

Visual communication, perhaps even more so than verbal communication, is a nuanced language.

Para11 throw in the towel

=in Boxingto admit defeat; give up the fight

After the heated debate, the red party eventually threw in the towel and claimed to quit.

Every successful person has faced many fears, made many mistakes, and wanted to throw in the towel countless times.

Para11 brag about

=derogto talk too proudly about oneself

She bragged about her connections in the film world.

Does your dad brag about his college rock band?

Tom constantly brags about how well he plays table tennis.
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