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2017

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Unit5 Background Information ——《21世纪研究生英语教材阅读教程》上册  

2012-12-23 21:21:43|  分类: Unit5《21世纪研 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Para1 treehouse

Treehouses are platforms or buildings constructed around, next to or among the trunk or branches of one or more mature trees.Tree houses can be used for recreation, work space, habitation, observation or as temporary retreats.

Para1 helicopter parent

Helicopter parent is a colloquial term for a parent who pays extremely close attention to their child's or children's experiences and problems, particularly at educational institutions. Helicopter parents are so named because, like helicopters, they hover overhead. It is also called "overparenting".

Para3 bubble wrap

=a type of polythene wrapping containing many small air pockets, used as a protective covering when transporting breakable goods

Para4 Secret Service

=the United States intelligence agency that protects current and former presidents and vice presidents and their immediate families and protects distinguished foreign visitors; detects and apprehends counterfeiters; suppresses forgery of government securities and documents

Para5 Girl Scout cookies

Girl Scout cookies are cookies sold by Girl Scouts of the USA (GSUSA) as one of its major fundraisers for local Scout units. Members of the GSUSA have been selling cookies since 1917 to raise funds. As of 2007, sales were estimated at about 200 million boxes per year.

Scouting

Scouting (or the Scout Movement) has the stated aim of supporting young people in their physical, mental and spiritual development, that they may play constructive roles in society. It is one of several worldwide youth organizations.

Girl Scouts

girl scout - a girl who is a member of the Girl Scouts

GSUSA - The Girl Scouts of the United States of America , a youth organization for girls in the United States and American girls living abroad

WAGGGS - the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts

GSUSA aims to empower girls and to help teach values such as honesty, fairness, courage, compassion, character, sisterhood, confidence, and citizenship through activities including camping, community service, learning first aid, and earning badges by acquiring other practical skills.

Para6 Dear Abby

Dear Abby is the name of the advice column founded in 1956 by Pauline Phillips under the pen name Abigail Van Buren and carried on today by her daughter, Jeanne Phillips, who now owns the legal rights to the pen name.

Para8 G-Element

A new type of weapon that uses G-Element derived technolgy to produce a 5th Dimensional Effect Explosion.

Para8 eureka

int. Someone might say “eureka” when they suddenly find or realize something, or when they solve a problem.

eureka moment =a moment at which a person realizes or solves something

Eureka effect

The Aha! Effect, also known as the eureka effect, insight or epiphany, refers to the common human experience of suddenly understanding a previously incomprehensible problem or concept.

It is named after the myth that the Greek polymath Archimedes, having discovered how to measure the volume of an irregular object, leaped out of a public bath, and ran home naked shouting "eureka" (I found it). Archimedes was asked by the local king to detect whether a crown was pure gold, or if the goldsmith had added silver. During his trip to the public bath, he noticed that water is displaced when his body sinks into the bath, and that the volume of water displaced equals the volume of the body immersed in the water. This means that he can measure the density of the crown, and compare it to a bar of pure gold.

Para9 stealth fighter

Development of stealth technology likely began in Germany during World War II. A stealth aircraft makes it difficult for conventional radar to detect or track the aircraft effectively, increasing the odds of a successful attack. It’s built for precise targeting and uses laser-guided bombs.

Para9 surgical strike

A surgical strike is a military attack which results in only damage to the intended specific target, and no or minimal collateral damage to surrounding structures, vehicles, buildings, etc.

Para9 starting lineup

A starting lineup in sports is an official list of the set of players who will actively participate in the event when the game begins. The players in the starting lineup are commonly referred to as starters, whereas the others are substitutes or bench players.

Para9 witching hour

refers to the notion from folklore of the hour at which witches are supposed to appear, usually midnight

Para10 PTA

= an abbreviation for Parent-Teacher Association

PTA is a school association run by some of the parents and teachers to discuss matters that affect the children and to organize events to raise money

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