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2. Is the present Chinese education system too examination-oriented to develop students’ creativity?  

2011-06-12 17:43:57|  分类: 关于考试 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Key words:

education system; examination-oriented; creativity; assessment system; employment system; equal access to higher education; professioanl ethics

Expressions

examination-oriented education 以考试为导向的教育

cramming method 填鸭式教学方法

increase enrollment 扩招

assessment system 评估体系

subjective items 主观题

objective items 客观题

the difference between disciplines 学科差异

professional ethics 职业道德

the Ministry of Education 教育部

entrance examination入学考试

college entrance examination 高考

admission to higher education 高校录取

admission criteria录取标准                   

equal access to education教育公平

examination and reward system 考试和奖励制度

employment system雇佣制度

A dialogue

"Alice is brilliant, but she doesn't have a drop of creative talent."

"Barbara is wonderfully creative, but she does poorly on standardized tests."

"Carlos always has interesting approaches to problems, but he just doesn't fit into the traditional school environment."

How many times have we, as teachers, students, researchers, or parents, heard remarks like these?

Everyone should understand that every individual is unique; some may excel academically while others can rely on hands-on expertise.

Teaching, learning and testing

In spite of a lot problems in the present education in china, testing has its reasons to be there. 

Examination is not to blame

An intelligent, efficient and and scientific assessment system is needed.

Test metods should be diversified

Entrance examinations and admission criteria

The national examinations to select students for higher education have been an important part of China's culture.

The national examinations to select students for higher education have been an important part of China's culture.

Although the examination system for admission to colleges and universities has undergone many changes since the Cultural Revolution, it remains the basis for recruiting academically able students.

We can’t talk about Exam-oriented Education and Quality-oriented Education without talking about equal access to education, employment system and employment system.

Examination-oriented education system

It may have a noble aim. However, the implementation should be done carefully so it will not affect the students.

Development

In the past decades the education system in China has been developing.

Investment in education / Allocation to education has increased in recent years

Before - Access to education

China's system represented a pyramid; because of the lack of resources allotted to higher education, the number of students decreased sharply at higher levels.

Now - Increase enrollment

but in the past decade enrollment of college students has increased sharply.

Key school

a key school's role in the nine-year basic education plan is questioned because it favors urban areas and the children of better family background.

Examination and reward system

some comment that the examination and reward system has destroyed creativity in young people.

One exam

Young people suffer so much to succeed in these examinations, and in the process they lose excitement in education itself.

only one national examination for admission to higher education

Unfortunate trend

What is unfortunate is that educational and research institutions are administered by people with administrative backgrounds, many without any real interest in education. Unless this situation is changed, it will be difficult to improve the quality of educational institutions.

Disadvantages of Examination-Oriented Education System

High/good mark is all that matters in an examination-oriented education system. Get high grades and you get the affection from the teachers and admiration from other students.

An examination-oriented education system can bring much stress with improper implementation.

Low grades invite low-self esteem and isolation.

the students are bound to be highly competitive.

Students are forced to learn boring things and study hard in order to get good grades during examination.

Inability to perform may result in embarrassment

Poor performance in exams may bring harsher impact to the students' lives.

A student will have to invest a lot of his or her time if a student wants to excel in studies.

They will lose their childhood in the process, missing the chance to mix around with their peers. This can hamper their social skills. These are so important throughout their lives.

Once the aim is set to get higher grades in tests, other activities will have to be sacrificed. Teachers are bound to cut extra-curricular activities such as sports and also discourage creative activities so that students can study longer. This should not happen because the students have worked hard in the class and studying so they should be allowed to take part in such activities as an outlet to release stress. How can they reduce stress if they have to pore over a book day and night?

The Exam-oriented Education or the Quality-oriented Education

In China, debate over two educational patterns——the exam-oriented and the quality-oriented——has lasted for several decades.

Generally speaking, exam-oriented education gives priority to the scores of students. The performance of students in all kinds of examinations is the criterion of judging the success of education. Under this pattern, cramming method of teaching finds its prevalence all over the schools.

In contrast to this, the quality-oriented education emphasizes all-round development. Students are supposed to learn actively and creatively rather than receive knowledge passively and therefore inactively.

From my point of view, the quality-orientation is much superior to the exam-orientation. Under the quality-oriented education, students are motivated and are eager to learn through their own experience. However, under the exam-oriented pattern, students bear too heavy pressure and their creativities and initiative are wasted. Students educated by this pattern can not match the pace of modern society and the pattern is already out of tune with the modern melody.

time

extra-curricular activities

lose their childhood

be highly competitive

training programmes

be forced to learn boring things

developing their skills for exams

gain high marks/grades

bear too heavy pressure

under pressure

stress

low-self esteem

embarrassment

social skills

learning skills

hobbies and abilities

use their intelligence and labor to deal with all kinds of difficulties and challenges

good at study and coping other kinds of things

the criterion of judging the success of education

cramming method of teaching

all-round development

motivated

eager to learn

foster creativity or individual talent

scoring high


School system in china

China has a vast and varied school system, including:

preschools

kindergartens

schools for the deaf and blind

key schools (similar to college preparatory schools)

primary schools

secondary schools (comprising junior and senior middle schools, secondary agricultural and vocational schools, regular secondary schools, secondary teachers' schools, secondary technical schools, and secondary professional schools)

various institutions of higher learning (consisting of regular colleges and universities, professional colleges, and short-term vocational universities)

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