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A look at how Egypt's uprising unfolded 埃及革命大事记  

2011-02-12 18:17:28|  分类: 看世界 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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By The Associated Press The Associated Press Fri Feb 11, 3:54 pm ET

Key events during Egypt's uprising: 埃及革命大事记

A look at how Egypts uprising unfolded 埃及革命大事记 - 2011 - 2011当地时间2月11日,埃及首都开罗,民众和士兵庆祝埃及总统穆巴拉克下台。

Jan. 25 冲突激起

— Emboldened by the Tunisian uprising 突尼斯起义 and mobilized largely on Facebook and Twitter, thousands converge on Cairo's central Tahrir Square 埃及首都开罗的塔立尔广场/解放广场 to call for President Hosni Mubarak's ouster 埃及总统侯赛尼?穆巴拉克. The protest — dubbed a "day of revolution against torture, poverty, corruption and unemployment" — begins peacefully and police show unusual restraint. But as the crowd grows, security forces change tactics. Police fire tear gas and rubber bullets, prompting clashes. The United States expresses confidence in Egypt's government and urges calm.

Jan. 26 警方介入

— Anti-government activists try to stage a second day of protests around Cairo in defiance of an official ban on any gatherings, but police quickly move in and use tear gas and beatings to disperse the demonstrators.

Jan. 27 暴力升级

Violence escalates outside Cairo, with anti-government protesters torching a fire station and looting weapons that they then turn on police. Nobel Peace laureate Mohamed ElBaradei 穆罕默德?巴拉迪, Egypt's top democracy advocate, returns to the country and declares he is ready to lead the campaign against Mubarak. The ruling National Democratic Party says it is ready for dialogue but offers no concessions. The outlawed Muslim Brotherhood 穆斯林兄弟会, the country's largest and best organized opposition group, throws its support behind the demonstrations. The stock market falls more than 10 percent, its biggest drop in more two years.

Jan. 28 军队卷入

— Anti-government protesters pour into the streets, throwing stones and confronting police who fire back with rubber bullets and tear gas. Internet and cell phone services are largely cut off to hamper protesters from organizing. Police fire water cannons at ElBaradei and supporters, who are trapped inside a mosque for several hours. The military deploys to enforce a nighttime curfew. Protesters still battle police with stones and firebombs, burning down the ruling party headquarters and stealing firearms and ammunition from torched police stations. The Obama administration criticizes the crackdown and even threatens to reduce a $1.5 billion foreign aid program.

Jan. 29 局势混乱

— Mubarak names his intelligence chief 情报局长, Omar Suleiman 奥马尔?苏莱曼, as his first-ever vice president as chaos engulfs the capital. Looters steal what they can and destroy cars, windows and street signs. People board up residences and stores. Civilians armed with knives, axes, golf clubs, firebombs, metal bars and makeshift spears form neighborhood watch groups. Tanks and armored personnel carriers guard key government buildings, and major tourist and archaeological sites, including the Egyptian Museum. The military closes the Giza pyramids吉萨区金字塔群. The army expands its presence but police largely disappear from the streets.

Jan. 30 巴拉迪敦促总统辞职

— ElBaradei takes up a bullhorn 扩音器 and calls for Mubarak to resign. Fighter jets streak low overhead and police begin to return to the capital's streets. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu 以色列总理本杰明?内塔尼亚胡says he is "anxiously following" the crisis and Israel's three-decade-old peace agreement with Egypt must be preserved. Armed men battle guards at four prisons — including one northwest of Cairo that held hundreds of militants and many prisoners escape.

Jan. 31 新任内阁

— Egypt's military pledges not to fire on protesters. Newly appointed Vice President Suleiman offers dialogue with "political forces" for constitutional and legislative reforms. Thousands of foreigners flee the unrest. Mubarak appears fatigued as he is shown on state TV swearing in the members of a new Cabinet. The interior minister, Habib el-Adly 内政部长哈比卜, who headed internal security forces widely despised for alleged abuses, is replaced. Mubarak retains his long-serving defense minister, Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi国防部长 陆军元帅 侯赛因, and Foreign Minister Ahmed Aboul Ghei 外交部长艾哈迈德.

Feb. 1 拒绝重选

— The number of protesters on Tahrir Square swells to a quarter-million in the largest rally yet. Mubarak is defiant as he addresses the nation on state TV. He promises not to seek re-election in September but insists he'll serve out the last months of his term and "die on Egyptian soil." Protesters and government supporters clash in Alexandria.

Feb. 2 施暴媒体

— Several journalists covering the unrest, including CNN's Anderson Cooper, are pummeled, hit with pepper spray 胡椒喷雾剂, and threatened by Mubarak loyalists. Government supporters charge into Tahrir Square on horses and camels, trampling people and swinging whips and sticks. Others rain firebombs from rooftops in what appears to be an orchestrated assault against protesters. The notion that the state may have coordinated violence against protesters prompts a sharp rebuke from the Obama administration.

Feb. 3 暴力蔓延

— Mubarak tells ABC television in an interview that he is fed up and wants to resign but can't for fear the country would sink into chaos. Violence spreads with a new wave of arson and looting 纵火和抢劫. The new prime minister, Ahmed Shafiq, apologizes for the previous day's assault. The vice president promises that Mubarak's son Gamal won't run in September elections.

Feb. 4 示威重申周五离职

— Nearly 100,000 people pack Tahrir Square in a protest dubbed the "Friday of departure". Behind-the-scenes diplomacy from the Obama administration piles more pressure on Mubarak to make a swift exit and allow a temporary government to embark on an immediate path toward democracy. The defense minister visits the square, the highest government figure to do so. Arab League chief Amr Moussa comes to the square in what appears to be a trial balloon for running for Egypt's presidency.

Feb. 5 开始妥协

— The National Democratic Party's leadership, including the president's son, steps down in a bid to placate protesters为了抚慰抗议者. The United States gives key backing to the regime's gradual changes, warning of the dangers if Mubarak goes too quickly. But they're rejected by protesters and tens of thousands throng Tahrir Square, waving flags and chanting, "He will go! He will go!"

Feb. 6 主动让步

— Egypt's vice president meets with the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood and other opposition groups for the first time and offers sweeping concessions, including granting press freedom and rolling back police powers准允新闻自由撤回治安警力. But opposition leaders hold firm to their demand that Mubarak step down immediately. A semblance of normalcy returns to Cairo with some schools and banks reopening for the first time in more than a week. A night curfew remains, and tanks continue to ring the city's central square and guard government buildings, embassies and other important institutions.

Feb. 7 高尼姆获释

— Wael Ghonim, a young Google Inc. executive 谷歌埃及市场高管and Internet activist, is released after 12 days in custody 被拘留. He says he was behind the Facebook page that helped spark what he called "the revolution of the youth of the Internet." New York-based Human Rights Watch says some 300 people have died in the clashes.

Feb. 8 副总统再推风波

— Ghonim energizes a cheering crowd of hundreds of thousands in Tahrir Square, promising "We won't give up." The huge turnout shows the protesters still have momentum. The vice president issues a sharply worded warning, saying "We can't bear this for a long time, and there must be an end to this crisis as soon as possible." Protests spread to the parliament, several blocks away from the square. U.S. Vice President Joe Biden 美国副总统乔?拜登 tells Suleiman that Washington wants Egypt to immediately rescind emergency laws that give broad powers to security forces — a key demand of the protesters.

Feb. 9 国家报纸改变基调

— Thousands of workers, including railway and bus workers and service technicians at the Suez Canal 苏伊士运河, go on strike, adding a new dimension to the uprising as public rage turns to the vast wealth Mubarak's family reportedly amassed while close to half the country struggles near the poverty line. Protests continue to spread. Egypt's state-owned Al-Ahram newspaper changes its tone and uses the word "revolution" to describe the demonstrations — giving new support to the protesters from an unlikely source. Suleiman warns of a "coup" unless demonstrators agree to enter negotiations, raising fears of a new crackdown.

Feb. 10 军政裂痕

— Hundreds of thousands of protesters pack into Tahrir Square with expectations high that Mubarak would announce his resignation in his nighttime address. A council of the military's top generals announces it has stepped in to secure the country, and a senior commander tells protesters in the square that all their demands would soon be met. But protesters leave angry and disappointed after Mubarak refuses to leave office and instead hands most of his powers to his vice president. The rapidly moving events raise the question of whether a rift had opened between Mubarak and the military command. 

Feb. 11 穆巴拉克辞职

— The military tries to defuse the popular outrage, promising it would guarantee promised reforms. But hundreds of thousands demanding Mubarak go deluge squares in cities across the country, marching on presidential palaces and the state TV building, key symbols of the authoritarian regime. Two protesters are killed in a clash with security forces in the southern city of Assiut, and crowds set a police station on fire. The army evacuates the local governor. The vice president announces that Mubarak will resign and turn over power to the military. Fireworks burst over Tahrir Square and Egypt explodes with joy and tears of relief. Egypt holds its biggest party in decades.

Source:

http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20110211/ap_on_re_mi_ea/ml_egypt_protest_highlights

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