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Enya 永远的天籁  

2011-01-10 13:46:34|  分类: 艺术文学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Enya, an Irish singer, instrumentalist and composer, born on 17 May 1961.
Name: Eithne Patricia Ní Bhraonáin
Anglicized name: Enya Brennan

Enya 永远的天籁 - 2011 - 2011Enya 永远的天籁 - 2011 - 2011
       Enya began her musical career in 1980, when she briefly joined her family band Clannad, before leaving to perform solo. She gained wider recognition for her music in the 1986 BBC series The Celts. Shortly afterwards, her 1988 album Watermark propelled her to further international fame and she became known for her unique sound, characterised by voice-layering, folk melodies, synthesised backdrops and ethereal reverberations.

       She continued to enjoy steady success during the 1990s and 2000s; her 2000 album A Day Without Rain
sold 15 million copies and she was named the world's best selling female artist of 2001. She is Ireland's best-selling solo musician and is officially the country's second-largest musical export after the band U2. Her album sales stand at 70 million as of 2009, with over 26 million in album sales in the US. Her work has earned her four Grammy awards格莱美奖 and an Academy Award nomination奥斯卡奖提名. She has performed in 10 languages during her career thus far.

Life & Career

1.1       1961-1983: Musical upbringing and Clannad

早期音乐熏陶和家族乐团克兰纳德

Enya was born and brought up in Gweedore, County Donegal. She is part of an Irish-speaking and musical family, the sixth of nine children. In 1980, Enya worked with Clannad, the band composed of her siblings. Enya played the keyboard and provided backing vocals. In 1981 Enya was also a member of Ragairne,.

In 1982, producer and manager Nicky Ryan left the group and Enya joined him to start her own solo career. Enya then formed her own recording studio, named "Aigle", which is French for "Eagle".


1.2       1984-1987: Career beginnings, The Frog Prince, and The Celts

事业起点: 电影《青蛙王子》、电视剧集《凯尔特人》

She was first credited as Enya (as opposed to Eithne) for writing some of the music for the 1984 movie The Frog Prince, which was released on a soundtrack album of the same title.

Enya was contracted to provide music for the soundtrack of the 1986 BBC television documentary The Celts. The music she produced was featured on her first solo album, Enya (1987), but it attracted little attention at the time.


1.3       1988-1999: International breakthrough; Watermark, Shepherd Moons and The Memory of Trees

蜚声国际:《水印》、《牧羊人之月》、《树的回忆》

Enya achieved a breakthrough in her career in 1988 with the album Watermark, which featured the hit song "Orinoco Flow". "Orinoco Flow", topped the charts in the United Kingdom, peaked at number 2 in Germany and the Watermark album sold eleven million copies.

Three years later, she followed with another hit album, Shepherd Moons, which sold twelve million copies and earned Enya her first Grammy Award. The songs "On Your Shore" and "Exile"  (from Watermark) and "Epona" (from Enya) were featured in the 1991 film L.A. Story. "Ebudae" was also featured on the soundtrack to the Robin Williams film Toys, while the 1990 film Green Card had "River", "Watermark", and "Storms In Africa". "Book Of Days" was featured prominently in the movie Far and Away, with an English-lyric version created for the film then replacing the old Gaelic-language version on all pressings of the Shepherd Moons album from 1993 onwards. In 1993, her recording of "Marble Halls" from Shepherd Moons was featured in the Martin Scorsese film, The Age of Innocence.

Four years after Shepherd Moons, she released The Memory of Trees (1995), another Top Five success in both the UK and Germany, as well as her first Top 10 album in the U.S. Singles released from the album were "Anywhere Is" and "On My Way Home".

In 1997, Enya released her greatest hits collection, Paint The Sky With Stars: The Best of Enya, again a Top Five smash in the UK and Germany, which featured two new songs: "Paint the Sky With Stars" and "Only If..."

Ansett Australia extensively used "Storms in Africa" for promotional purposes when the airline re-branded itself in the 1990s. The 1992 film Sleepwalkers features "Boadicea" as the film's signature tune.


1.4       2000-2004: A Day Without Rain and The Lord of The Rings

《雨过天晴》、电影《指环王》

Following a five-year break, Enya released the album A Day Without Rain in 2000. The album is Enya's most successful to date, peaking at number two on the U.S. Billboard 200 chart. The first single, "Only Time", was used in the film Sweet November and received U.S. radio airplay in late 2000. In May 2001, NBC began using "Only Time" to accompany commercials for their television series Friends, which helped the song get airplay on top-40 radio.

After the September 11, 2001 attacks, "Only Time" was used as a soundtrack in many radio and television reports about the attacks. Enya released a special edition of the song, and a maxi single was issued on 20 November 2001 featuring a pop mix, with proceeds donated to the families of victims.

Enya won the Echo Award for best selling international single in Germany of 2001, and received a nomination for best selling album.

In 2001, Enya recorded "May It Be", which was featured in the first installment of The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, Fellowship of the Ring, and was her second consecutive single to enter the German charts at number one. The video features scenes from the Peter Jackson film.

Enya, self-admittedly, composes music slowly. A new song called "Sumiregusa" ("Wild Violet") was based on a poem by Roma Ryan.


1.5 2005-present: Amarantine, And Winter Came and The Very Best of Enya

永恒诗篇》、《 冬日来临》、《 恩雅精选》

In November 2005, a new album, entitled Amarantine, was released. It reached the Top 10 in both the UK and the U.S., and peaked at number 3 in Germany. The album won the Grammy Award for Best New Age Album for 2007, Enya's fourth.

In 2006, Enya released several Christmas-themed CDs with newly recorded material. This CD was released only in the United States in an exclusive partnership with the NBC television network and the Target department store chain. Enya was awarded the World's Best-Selling Irish Act award at the World Music Awards in London.

On 29 June 2007, Enya received an honorary doctorate from the National University of Ireland, Galway. Shortly after, on 10 July 2007, Enya received a second honorary doctorate from the University of Ulster.

On 23 November 2009, Enya released a new album called The Very Best of Enya. It includes most of her hits from 1988 to 2008.

 

恩雅与凯尔特文化渊源:

恩雅1961年出生在爱尔兰西北部Donegal多尼哥郡的一个小村,此地是残存至今的凯尔特方言盖尔语流行地。恩雅的母语当然是爱尔兰语,不过她也会讲拉丁语、威尔士语和西班牙语。恩雅一名,据说来自古代凯尔特的同名女神Enya,读音同多尼哥方言Eithne(爱尔兰语中是"火"的意思)。

出生于民间音乐世家的她,将爱尔兰传统民谣重新编曲,形成具有鲜明特色的音乐创作,实际上是Yeats叶芝和Joyce乔伊斯在诗歌和小说上成功经验的音乐翻版。从其作品名称可以看出,魔法式的人与万物相通的精神方式正是音乐幻想的基础。这种前现代的精神方式加上后现代的高科技录音技术的处理,具有极大的召唤灵性功能:瑰丽神秘的乐声把人带入超现实的空灵美妙世界。她多次荣登新时代音乐排行榜的冠军,乃至被誉为Celtic New Age Music Star。

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