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2017

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Unit 4 3 Kinds of Fatigue  

2009-11-16 20:32:34|  分类: Unit4《新世纪研 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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[updated on Nov 16]

(para2)

The causes of modern-day fatigue are diverse and only rarely related to excessive physical exertion.

-- There are various kinds of modern-day tiredness and they have nothing to do with physical energetic overactivity.

(para2) under-

--less in degree, rate, or quantity than normal or proper 

Eg.

under-exertion n.

undersized a.

underabundant a.

underachieve v.

underachiever n.

underappreciated a.

underage a.

(para2) wear oneself down

-- cause to be reduced bit by bit; feel exhausted

Eg.

The hectic rush of my daily work is wearing me down.

Recently he has been so consumed with work that he has worn himself down.

wear down

wear out

(para6) feel dragged out

-- feel very tired; become exhausted all over

Eg.

The old lady went to bed early, because she felt dragged out after her long journey.

As he has been preoccupied with so many things to deal with, he has felt dragged out for months.

(para6)

Pushing yourself to resume full activity too soon could precipitate a relapse…

resume full activity – restore one’s activity fully

Eg.  Even after an illness has passed, it is not good for you to push yourself to resume full activity too soon.

precipitate – make happen before expected

Eg.  A series of terrible events precipitated his nervous breakdown.

(para6) on end

-- A. (of time)continuously

-- B. upright

Eg.

He has been seated there for hours on end.

We had to stand the table on end to get it through the door.

 (para 8) distract

-- A. To cause to turn away from the original focus of attention; divert; unsettle使分心,使不安

be distracted by/ with

distract … from …

 (para 8) distract

Eg.

The noise in the street distracted me from my reading.

My attentions are distracted from my study.

Grief distracted him.

He was distracted between the two objects.

 (para9) counterproductive

-- having the negative results

Eg.

Many violence-filled programs are counterproductive to children’s behavior.

The medicine has some counterproductive effects on some patients with particular cases.

counter-

pref.contrary; opposite; opposing 

E.g.:

counteract 抵消,中和

counterbalance 势均力敌

counteraccusation 反控

counterattack 反攻

counterevidence 反证

counterexample 反例

counterpart 对手方;配对物

countermeasure 对策

(para9) backfire

-- having the opposite, unexpected, unwelcome result

Eg.

These measures were supposed to be effective in the management of transportation system, but backfired.

The overdose of sleeping pills can backfire and cause harmful effects on the insomniacs.

(para 10) with a thud

-- suddenly and quickly; with dull sound as of a blow

Eg.

The book hit the floor with a thud.

The falling flowerpot from the high building hit him on the head and he fell down with a thud.

(para 10) thud

n.

-- A dull sound, as that of a heavy object striking a solid surface.

-- A blow or fall causing such a sound.

v.intr. (thudded; thudding; thuds)

-- To make a heavy, dull sound

 (para14)

Try to schedule your most taxing jobs for the time of day when you’re at your peak.

-- try to arrange your most difficult jobs for the time of day when you are at the best time.

(para15) revitalize

-- to impart new life or vigor to

Eg.

The government tried to revitalize a flagging economy.

He flung himself into his work with revitalized strength from his holiday.

(para15) in perspective

-- considering things in relation to one another accurately and fairly

see thing in perspective

put things in perspective

As you look into the matter, you should take account of all the important factors and see them in their perspective.

Our managing director always tries to see things in perspective.

(para15) perspective

透视法 The technique of representing three-dimensional objects and depth relationships on a two-dimensional surface.

景色,远景 A view or vista

设想,展望 A mental view or outlook

观点,看法 Subjective evaluation of relative significance; a point of view

洞察力 The ability to perceive things in their actual interrelations or comparative importance

(para15) take sth. in stride

-- accept and deal with sth. easily

Eg.

He took every obstacle in his stride.

It seemed to me that the staff here were taking things in stride.

board (Chinese - English)
键盘, 电键板
key board
黑板
chalk board /class board
油画板
canvas board
电路板
circuit board
夹纸(垫)板, 记录板夹
clip board
切菜板
cutting board
记录板[牌]
data board
指示器板
indicator board
跳板
diving board
发射控制台
launch control board
主控台, 中心控制台
master control board
限速牌[板]
speed limitation  board / speed restriction board

board (English - Chinese)
school board
校董事会
board of directors
董事会, 理事会
educational board
教育董事会, 教育委员会
board of education
examination boards
考试委员会
board of examination
executive board
执行局
IMF board of Governors
国际货币基金组织理事会
board of trade
同业工会
mediation board
调解委员会
Big board
纽约股票交易所(行情牌)
commodity marketing board
商品销售局
land board
土地局


All on board!
请大家上车!
go on board
上船; 上飞机, 上火车
board in
在寄宿处吃饭
walk the boards
登台演戏
on the drawing board
在设计阶段, 在筹划之中
drawing board
绘[制]图板
layout board
设计板
sandwich board
挂在胸前和背后的广告牌/ 抗议牌
sweep the board
(打牌)通吃;完全成功
central control board
中央控制台
council board
议事桌; (举行中的)会议


log board
航海日志板
meter board
仪表板
public results board
成绩公布牌
slide board
滑板
marking board
交易所揭示牌
operation board
控制盘, 操纵台
stop sign board
停车标志牌
battery switch board / battery distribution board
蓄电池配电板

heavy
a heavy load
重负
heavy casualties
重大伤亡
heavy rainfall
大雨
a heavy punch
重重一击
heavy seas
波涛汹涌的海面
a heavy drinker
酒瘾极大的人
a heavy investor
巨额投资者
heavy matters of state
国家大事
a heavy coat
厚外衣
drew the face with heavy lines
用粗线条画脸部
a heavy fog
重雾
a heavy dessert
太腻的甜点心
trees heavy with plums
果实累累的李树
a heavy heart
沉重的心情
heavy lids
因困倦而下垂的眼皮
heavy news
令人忧虑的消息
heavy taxes
重税
a heavy truck
重型卡车
heavy industry
重工业
heavy breathing
粗重的呼吸

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